Definition

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI).

Causes

A parasite passes between people during sex.

Risk Factors

Your risk may be higher if you:

  • Have many sex partners
  • Do not use condoms during sex
  • Have had STIs before

Symptoms

You may not always have symptoms. Symptoms appear in women more often than men. If you do have them:

Women:

  • A foul-smelling, greenish-yellow, or gray discharge from the vagina
  • Pain, itching, or burning of the genitals
  • Bleeding after sex

Infection Site in Women

Vagina
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Men:

  • Discharge from the penis
  • Itching or pain
  • Pain when passing urine
  • Pain in the testicles or scrotum

Infection Site in Men

Male Urethtra
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Diagnosis

Your doctor will ask about your symptoms, and sexual and health history. Your doctor will check the pelvic area for signs of infection.

Testing involves:

  • Women—testing fluid or discharge from the vagina
  • Men—testing urine, semen, or discharge from the penis

A lab will check the samples for the parasite.

Treatment

Antibiotics treat the infection. You should not have sex until you stop treatment and your symptoms are gone.

Part of care involves talking to your sexual partners. They may need healthcare even if they don’t have symptoms.

Prevention

To lower your chances of STIs:

  • Always use condoms when you have sex.
  • Only have sex with one person.